WHAT ARE HYDROCEPHALUS?

Hydrocephalus is a condition in which excess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) builds up within the ventricles (fluid-containing cavities) of the brain and may increase pressure within the head.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

Infants and Children

  • Abnormal head enlargement
  • Tense, bulging fontanel
  • Prominent scalp veins
  • Skull bones may feel separated
  • Vomiting, sleepiness, irritability
  • Headache, nausea, vomiting, vision
  • Downward deviation of eyes

Young and Middle Aged Adults

  • Chronic headaches
  • Difficulty walking/gait disturbances
  • Cognitive challenges or complaints
  • Urinary urgency or incontinence

Older Adults

  • Difficulty walking/gait disturbances
  • Cognitive challenges/mild dementia
  • Urinary urgency or incontinence

DIAGNOSIS

The Neurosurgeon will perform a full neurological evaluation.

The following tests could be prescribed:

  • CT – Scan (Computed Tomography)
  • MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • CSF tests to predict shunt responsiveness and/or determine shunt pressure¬†include;
    • lumbar puncture
    • external lumbar drainage
    • measurement of CSF outflow resistance
    • intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring
    • isotopic cisternography

TREATMENT OPTIONS

In indicated patients surgery using programmable shuts is offered for Communicating  Hydrocephalus as well as for patients with Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

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CONTACT

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ADDRESS: Lilavati Hospital And Research Centre, A-791, A-791, Bandra Reclamation Rd, General Arunkumar Vaidya Nagar, Bandra West, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400050.

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